Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe, one of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea. Lithuania has an estimated population of 3 million as of 2013, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. Lithuanians are a Baltic people. The official language, Lithuanian.
Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, a full member of the Schengen Agreement and NATO. The United Nations Human Development Index lists Lithuania as a “very high human development” country. Lithuania has been among the fastest growing economies in the European Union and is ranked 17th in the world in the Ease of Doing Business Index.
The landscape of Lithuania is formed by uplands and lowlands, with the narrow seaside lowland extending along the sea. In some areas in Lithuania deep underground there are mineral waters and thermal waters, which are used for medical purposes, the State has a well developed resort industry. Seaside resorts are Palanga and Neringa, and the continental treatment resorts – Druskininkai and Birštonas. Climate is moderate, from marine passing into continental, during a year there can be enjoyed four seasons. Average temperature in July is +20°C, in January -5°C. However, summer temperature can reach up to +30°C, and in winter it can lower to -32°C. Not far from Vilnius, a geographical centre of Europe is located.
Euro is official currency of Lithuania from 1 January 2015.